Archaic Elements with the Romanians in the Serbian Banat: Ceremonial Head-Dressing

Batca, Maria; Fulga, Ligia (Articol)

“The target group of fieldwork done in Voivodina (Serbia), in 2004, 2007 and 2009 was the Romanian community in Toracu Mic, Iancaid, and Clec villages. These Romanians identify themselves as “Transylvanian Romanians” or “Crian Romanians”, in accordance with their provenance zone – Cri Valley, Transylvania. They were colonized here in the south by Empress Maria Tereza, in 1765-1767. In the Serbian Banat there also are other Romanian groups: Banatians and Oltenians, named like that after the places they originally came from. Each of these groups came with their specific, traditional costume, dressing codes and implements, hair-dressing included. For a long time, members of these various communities did not mingled, kept marriage links only among members of the same groups, a fact that was decisive in keeping over the time the authentic folk costume which they brought to Voivodina. The topic of this paper is the hair-styling and head-dressing, discussing the whole bunch of garments, of women belonging to Transylvanian Romanians in Serbian Banat. We also stress on elements of archaic mentality, as well as on the functions and meanings of these components of the peasant dressing codes. Together with the other dressing pieces, the hair-styling and head-dressing represent a mark of identity, a symbol of identification, an icon ofrecognizance, of belonging to their ethnicity.”

Cuvinte cheie: Banat, Ethnicity, folk costume, hair-styling, head-dressing, Identity, Romanians, Serbia, Transylvania, and Voivodina

Revista de etnografie și folclor / Journal of Ethnography and Folklore

2009, nr. 1-2