Body Image Dimensions among Romanian Adolescents

Neagu, Alexandra (Articol)

“The first part of the article explores briefly the current body of relevant literature on body image and the factors shaping its development. This theoretical framework serves as foundation for our own research among adolescents, which tries to identify their vulnerability – according to gender and body composition – to unhealthy methods of weight control and poor self-esteem, both producing serious physical and psychological impairment. A total of 409 subjects (boys and girls) living in urban area (Bucharest and Ploiesti cities), aged 12 to 19 years, participated in the study. Anthropometrical parameters (body weight, height) were collected and body mass index was interpreted using the cut-off points established by Cole and Lobstein in 2012. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used, including questions about their bodily practices (physical activity, eating habits), but also standardized tests for assessing various body image dimensions (Stunkard Figure Rating Scale, Rosenberg self-esteem scale, The Body Image Avoidance Questionnaire developed by Rosen, Srebnik, Salzberg, and Went in 1991, and the Body Part Satisfaction Scale elaborated by Cash, Winstead and Janda in 1986). The results support the existence of some consistent gender differences in weight stigmatization and coping with body distress. Knowledge of such data could help experts to design more efficient policies and interventions to reduce body dissatisfaction and associated unhealthy behaviors amongst the young.”

Cuvinte cheie: adolescents, and body avoidance, body image, healthy behaviors, and self-esteem

Annuaire Roumain d'Anthropologie

2015, Tom 52, p. 41-57