Documents about Collectivization Stored in International Folkloric Archives

Stere, Anca (Articol)

“The new folkloric songs represent an interesting and important phenomenon with deep social and cultural effects. Its importance in the. Romanian area led my research supported by the ethnoMars search engine to approaching from this point of view – namely, the creation of the texts conveying ideological messages – the other regions which used to be under the political influence of or belonged to the Soviet Union, namely Bulgaria, Hungary, former Yugoslavian countries, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russian Federation, Ukraine, Moldavia, Uzbekistan, etc. Therefore, I took the opportunity of using the above mentioned search engine to look for items reflecting the communist ideology within the four archives, Archives Internationales de Musique Populaire – Switzerland (AIMP), Ethnological Museum Berlin – Department for Ethnomusicology – Germany (EMEM), Institute of Musicology of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences – Hungary (ZTI), “Constantin Brăiloiu” Institute of Ethnography and Folklore – Romania (IEF). First, the search engine was used to find names of all the countries in the area where collectivization was imposed (or even only attempted to be imposed), without considering the time criterion. Then, when receiving the results wanted from each archive, the search was refined, by introducing the second criterion – time period – thus reducing the number of results obtained so far. The third step was focused on finding out the names of the pieces in order to tell the pieces on communist ideology-related themes from those which were recorded in the same period but were conveying different messages. The results obtained using ethnomars show that the folkloric creations conveying ideological messages represented a method of spreading and imposing the communist ideas not only within the Romanian borders but also in other countries under the Soviet influence.”

Revista de etnografie și folclor / Journal of Ethnography and Folklore

2009, nr. 1-2