Old Occupations in a Sub-Carpathian Area of Romania: Cartographic Evidence from the 18th to the 20th Centuries

Osaci-Costache, Gabriela; Cocoş, Octavian; Cocoş, Alina (Articol)

“This research retraces the ethnographic landscape of the last two hundred years in the Sub-Carpathian area between the Olt and Dâmboviţa rivers, with the help of nine large-scale historical maps. The useful information for the intellectual reconstruction of the past cultural landscape was processed in GIS environment (using the QGIS software), thus being established the precise locations of the old occupations. These have been identified based both on the place names that refer directly to the occupations and on the toponyms that merely suggest them (352 altogether), by pointing to construction elements dedicated to various occupations (sheepfolds, worksohps, etc.) or to the specific working tools, raw materials, old agricultural practices and outcomes. Likewise, the authors have taken into account 2160 map symbols, in order to capture elements from the past (mills, sawmills, dwellings, stagecoach stops, pastures, etc.). In the study area, there have been identified both agricultural occupations (related to crop growing, but especially to stock breeding, which was the main traditional occupation) and non-agricultural ones (related to wood processing, mining, etc.). The analyzed cartographic data have also allowed us to discover a number of extinct occupations.”

Cuvinte cheie: ethnographic landscape, extinct occupations, historical cartography, Muşcelele Argeşului, old occupations, and toponyms

Revista de etnografie și folclor / Journal of Ethnography and Folklore

2015, nr. 1-2, p. 169-192