The List of Intangible Cultural Heritage (The Case of Slovenia)

Križnar, Naško (Articol)

“The author summarises the findings of the targeted research project A list of intangible heritage as part of a unified list of heritage that was managed from 2007 to 2008 by the Slovene Ethnographic Institute at the Scientific Research Centre of the Academy of Sciences and Arts. The project group first surveyed the underlying principles of the “Convention for the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage” (UNESCO 2003) and Slovenia’s Cultural Heritage Protection Act CHPA (2008), which offer a formal legal framework for dealing with intangible or living heritage in Slovenia. It then researched existing knowledge about intangible heritage in Slovenia, relying on key works such as Slovene Ethnography I (1944) and II (1952); Intangible Cultural Heritage (2005); Slovene Folk Tradition (1980); Slovene Folk Culture (1962); and The Slovene Ethnological Lexicon (2004). At the same time, it also evaluated the situation regarding the recording and documenting of intangible heritage in other countries. On the basis of its findings, the group produced the following research documents: (a) a list of institutions and databases in Slovenia concerned with intangible heritage; (b) a list of categories and types of intangible heritage in Slovenia; (c) a temporary list of intangible heritage in Slovene ethnic areas; (d) the principles for maintaining the list, criteria for inclusion and the protocol for setting up the list; (e) a model of a database for a list of living heritage. The list of living heritage is something new in Slovenia. Setting it up will require more detailed research, as the existing approaches to intangible heritage are not precise enough for the needs of the list. The envisaged criteria for inclusion are derived from both the CHPA and the Convention. Living heritage differs from immovable heritage primarily in that it involves essential direct contact with people as the subjects of heritage. They must agree to participate in the process of researching, recording and documenting, as well as the later public presentation and public access to their activities. There is thus a need for consensus between the experts, public services and the exponents of living heritage regarding rights and obligations. In some cases, for example folk verbal arts and visual arts, arts and crafts products, as well as public visual presentation, there are also copyright questions that need to be settled to the satisfaction of those involved prior to inclusion in the list or declaration as a ‘living masterpiece’. In order for the legislation relating to intangible heritage to begin to function, the Cultural Heritage Protection Act envisages an institutional Coordinator of the Protection Living Heritage which will establish the necessary links between the exponents of heritage, research institutions and the list.”

Cuvinte cheie: Intangible Cultural Heritage, Slovene Ethnography, Slovene Ethnological Lexicon, Slovene Folk Culture, and Slovene Folk Tradition

Revista de etnografie și folclor / Journal of Ethnography and Folklore

2011, nr. 1-2