Occupy the Cyberspace. The Sofistication of Protest Movements through Virtual Communities’ Effort

Stoiciu, Gabriel (Articol)

“Nowadays, except some sporadic anti-globalization protests, no significant social cause seems raising a powerful response, even if a major economic crisis strikes almost the entire world. These facts made me prepare and carry out a fieldwork in France, aiming to reveal if the youth still has the necessary attitude and energy to start and support a mass protest and, in the same time, what cause would lead to such manifestation. I chose University of Nanterre (the place of initiation of ’68 movements in Paris) to conduct my research as participant observer during my 2008-2009 postdoctoral fellowship. The main object of this paper is to offer an original image of youth involvement in public debates and especially students’ participation to “civic engagement”. The time factor – what happened in 1968 and what is happening now – is also very relevant for this research because of inter-generational debate. This diachronic comparison also leads to discussion about increasing number and variety of products in media technology and, accordingly, its increased influence on public attitudes. Participant observation and interviews provided important data about the public events of student groups in Paris. I also used visual techniques, which enriched the information.”

Stoiciu, Gabriel (Articol)

“Nowadays, except some sporadic anti-globalization protests, no significant social cause seems raising a powerful response, even if a major economic crisis strikes almost the entire world. These facts made me prepare and carry out a fieldwork in France, aiming to reveal if the youth still has the necessary attitude and energy to start and support a mass protest and, in the same time, what cause would lead to such manifestation. I chose University of Nanterre (the place of initiation of ’68 movements in Paris) to conduct my research as participant observer during my 2008-2009 postdoctoral fellowship. The main object of this paper is to offer an original image of youth involvement in public debates and especially students’ participation to “civic engagement”. The time factor – what happened in 1968 and what is happening now – is also very relevant for this research because of inter-generational debate. This diachronic comparison also leads to discussion about increasing number and variety of products in media technology and, accordingly, its increased influence on public attitudes. Participant observation and interviews provided important data about the public events of student groups in Paris. I also used visual techniques, which enriched the information.”

Cuvinte cheie: cyberspace, Parisian academia, social movements, and virtual communities

Annuaire Roumain d'Anthropologie

2015, Tom 52, p. 89-97

Meanings as Culturally Bound Objects. A Possible Position

Damian, Ilinca (Articol)

“This paper brings some theoretical observations towards the research of art objects in the domain of sociocultural anthropology. In this paper I am proposing a new approach to understanding the act of giving meanings to art objects and the methodological possibilities that can be drawn from this approach. To justify my approach I use mainly the research of Renato Rosaldo and Clifford Geertz. This critique builds the basis for a system of relations between meanings and the art object generating them, briefly presented as the Satellite Syndrome, where I consider the meanings as being satellites of the art object, able to translate one or several interrelated elements constituting the artwork. A methodological quest starting from this point will guide the researcher into tracing the elements that lead to the art object discussed. By concluding that an absolutist meaning is impossible to reach, this paper leads to a type of analytic research capable of tracing elements of abstraction and inconsistences that may lead to an Idea able to translate and reorganize itself in order to be observed and looked upon by those interested.”

Damian, Ilinca (Articol)

“This paper brings some theoretical observations towards the research of art objects in the domain of sociocultural anthropology. In this paper I am proposing a new approach to understanding the act of giving meanings to art objects and the methodological possibilities that can be drawn from this approach. To justify my approach I use mainly the research of Renato Rosaldo and Clifford Geertz. This critique builds the basis for a system of relations between meanings and the art object generating them, briefly presented as the Satellite Syndrome, where I consider the meanings as being satellites of the art object, able to translate one or several interrelated elements constituting the artwork. A methodological quest starting from this point will guide the researcher into tracing the elements that lead to the art object discussed. By concluding that an absolutist meaning is impossible to reach, this paper leads to a type of analytic research capable of tracing elements of abstraction and inconsistences that may lead to an Idea able to translate and reorganize itself in order to be observed and looked upon by those interested.”

Cuvinte cheie: art objects, crisis in anthropology, innocent observer, meaning, and sociocultural anthropology

Annuaire Roumain d'Anthropologie

2015, Tom 52, p. 75-87

A Study on Adolescents’ Perception of the Family’s Food-Sources from Two Cities in South Romania

Glavce, Cristiana; Borosanu, Adriana; David-Rus, Richard (Articol)

“We report the results of a study involving 205 subjects (age 14-18 years), from two cities in south Romania. The main objective is to reveal some important aspects of the perception of the sources of food among adolescents. This perception is influenced by different factors such as the existing mental schemas, economic factors and the product supply from industrialized countries in the context of the social and economic transition in Romania. The results show a change in mental schemas in both cities so that the supermarket is perceived as a main food source by a majority of the subjects independent of the urbanization degree of the city and the family income or parents’ educational level. For the supply coming from parents’ households, our statistical analysis identified significant tendencies of differentiation between categories induced by family income, mother’s education or place of origin. The possibility to have a family-owned source of food, apart from its contribution to the strengthening of the family ties, represents in the actual context of economic transition a survival means for the population in the low income group in urban areas and a way of subsistence for the rural population. In the present social and economic context homegrown and organic food consumption is rather a consequence of economic survival than of the awareness of the benefits of this sort of nutrition.”

Glavce, Cristiana; Borosanu, Adriana; David-Rus, Richard (Articol)

“We report the results of a study involving 205 subjects (age 14-18 years), from two cities in south Romania. The main objective is to reveal some important aspects of the perception of the sources of food among adolescents. This perception is influenced by different factors such as the existing mental schemas, economic factors and the product supply from industrialized countries in the context of the social and economic transition in Romania. The results show a change in mental schemas in both cities so that the supermarket is perceived as a main food source by a majority of the subjects independent of the urbanization degree of the city and the family income or parents’ educational level. For the supply coming from parents’ households, our statistical analysis identified significant tendencies of differentiation between categories induced by family income, mother’s education or place of origin. The possibility to have a family-owned source of food, apart from its contribution to the strengthening of the family ties, represents in the actual context of economic transition a survival means for the population in the low income group in urban areas and a way of subsistence for the rural population. In the present social and economic context homegrown and organic food consumption is rather a consequence of economic survival than of the awareness of the benefits of this sort of nutrition.”

Cuvinte cheie: adolescents’ perception, Education, social-economic context, and sources of food

Annuaire Roumain d'Anthropologie

2015, Tom 52, p. 59-74

Body Image Dimensions among Romanian Adolescents

Neagu, Alexandra (Articol)

“The first part of the article explores briefly the current body of relevant literature on body image and the factors shaping its development. This theoretical framework serves as foundation for our own research among adolescents, which tries to identify their vulnerability – according to gender and body composition – to unhealthy methods of weight control and poor self-esteem, both producing serious physical and psychological impairment. A total of 409 subjects (boys and girls) living in urban area (Bucharest and Ploiesti cities), aged 12 to 19 years, participated in the study. Anthropometrical parameters (body weight, height) were collected and body mass index was interpreted using the cut-off points established by Cole and Lobstein in 2012. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used, including questions about their bodily practices (physical activity, eating habits), but also standardized tests for assessing various body image dimensions (Stunkard Figure Rating Scale, Rosenberg self-esteem scale, The Body Image Avoidance Questionnaire developed by Rosen, Srebnik, Salzberg, and Went in 1991, and the Body Part Satisfaction Scale elaborated by Cash, Winstead and Janda in 1986). The results support the existence of some consistent gender differences in weight stigmatization and coping with body distress. Knowledge of such data could help experts to design more efficient policies and interventions to reduce body dissatisfaction and associated unhealthy behaviors amongst the young.”

Neagu, Alexandra (Articol)

“The first part of the article explores briefly the current body of relevant literature on body image and the factors shaping its development. This theoretical framework serves as foundation for our own research among adolescents, which tries to identify their vulnerability – according to gender and body composition – to unhealthy methods of weight control and poor self-esteem, both producing serious physical and psychological impairment. A total of 409 subjects (boys and girls) living in urban area (Bucharest and Ploiesti cities), aged 12 to 19 years, participated in the study. Anthropometrical parameters (body weight, height) were collected and body mass index was interpreted using the cut-off points established by Cole and Lobstein in 2012. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used, including questions about their bodily practices (physical activity, eating habits), but also standardized tests for assessing various body image dimensions (Stunkard Figure Rating Scale, Rosenberg self-esteem scale, The Body Image Avoidance Questionnaire developed by Rosen, Srebnik, Salzberg, and Went in 1991, and the Body Part Satisfaction Scale elaborated by Cash, Winstead and Janda in 1986). The results support the existence of some consistent gender differences in weight stigmatization and coping with body distress. Knowledge of such data could help experts to design more efficient policies and interventions to reduce body dissatisfaction and associated unhealthy behaviors amongst the young.”

Cuvinte cheie: adolescents, and body avoidance, body image, healthy behaviors, and self-esteem

Annuaire Roumain d'Anthropologie

2015, Tom 52, p. 41-57

Répartition du facteur RH dans la population roumaine

Vulpe, Corneliu; Luca, Eleonora; Petrescu, Monica (Articol)

“This review summarizes all available data on the Rh factor of the Romanian population including results from our studies as well as published work by other authors. We provide an extended view within this analysis, with genic and genotype frequencies, completing the results of some authors that consist only in the values corresponding to the Rh+ and Rh- phenotypes. The sample comprises 92321 subjects, and is analyzed according to the geographical distribution – both historical provinces as well as counties within these regions. Finally, the Romanian sample is compared to other populations within a global framework, drawing conclusions regarding its European affinity and its place at continental level.”

Vulpe, Corneliu; Luca, Eleonora; Petrescu, Monica (Articol)

“This review summarizes all available data on the Rh factor of the Romanian population including results from our studies as well as published work by other authors. We provide an extended view within this analysis, with genic and genotype frequencies, completing the results of some authors that consist only in the values corresponding to the Rh+ and Rh- phenotypes. The sample comprises 92321 subjects, and is analyzed according to the geographical distribution – both historical provinces as well as counties within these regions. Finally, the Romanian sample is compared to other populations within a global framework, drawing conclusions regarding its European affinity and its place at continental level.”

Cuvinte cheie: Rh factor, Romanian population, and Romanian’s historical provinces and counties

Annuaire Roumain d'Anthropologie

2015, Tom 52, p. 33-40

Aspects concernant l’étude mixte-longitudinale de la croissance des enfants et adolescents de Bucarest et du Couloir Bran-Rucăr

Luca, Eleonora; Badrajan, Georgeta; Savu, A.; Vulpe, C.; Ciuhuţa, M. Şt.; Petrescu, Monica ; Leasevici, N. (Articol)

“Our paper represents a modest homage for the MD Th. Enăchescu, Doctor of Medicine and anthropologist, who, through his rich and complex activity, had a dominant role in the continuity and development of the Romanian anthropology after the WW2. The partial results from the (unpublished) longitudinal study regarding the body growth of the children with ages ranged from 3-18 years from two different living environments, an urban area (Bucharest) and a highland rural area (Rucăr-Bran corridor), are presented. The research was conducted between 1977 to 1985, like, many other Romanian studies, in accordance with the international auxological research. The evolution of the two most important markers, height and weight, is presented in a percentile system through a graphic modeling of the growth progression throughout the encompassed ontogenetic stages, delineating through the distance curves the percentile channels – delayed, medium and advanced growth types. The most spectacular graphic representations are those of the successive growth rates. Through annual survey, at the same date, of the same subjects, it is a longitudinal study. By losing of some subjects and adding of others throughout the project’s time, it is a mixed-longitudinal study. The final samples contain an impressive number of subjects (49,574 – a real cohort!): 19,753 boys and 19,762 girls from Bucharest, respectively 4,963 boys and 5,096 girls from the highland villages (an altitude of 700 – 1,300 meters) of the Rucăr-Bran corridor. The study shows the growth differences related to the life environment, age and gender, but its originality and importance is revealed through the methodological and applied aspect regarding the appreciation of the normality of growth and development as a mass or/and individual phenomenon. ”

Luca, Eleonora; Badrajan, Georgeta; Savu, A.; Vulpe, C.; Ciuhuţa, M. Şt.; Petrescu, Monica ; Leasevici, N. (Articol)

“Our paper represents a modest homage for the MD Th. Enăchescu, Doctor of Medicine and anthropologist, who, through his rich and complex activity, had a dominant role in the continuity and development of the Romanian anthropology after the WW2. The partial results from the (unpublished) longitudinal study regarding the body growth of the children with ages ranged from 3-18 years from two different living environments, an urban area (Bucharest) and a highland rural area (Rucăr-Bran corridor), are presented. The research was conducted between 1977 to 1985, like, many other Romanian studies, in accordance with the international auxological research. The evolution of the two most important markers, height and weight, is presented in a percentile system through a graphic modeling of the growth progression throughout the encompassed ontogenetic stages, delineating through the distance curves the percentile channels – delayed, medium and advanced growth types. The most spectacular graphic representations are those of the successive growth rates. Through annual survey, at the same date, of the same subjects, it is a longitudinal study. By losing of some subjects and adding of others throughout the project’s time, it is a mixed-longitudinal study. The final samples contain an impressive number of subjects (49,574 – a real cohort!): 19,753 boys and 19,762 girls from Bucharest, respectively 4,963 boys and 5,096 girls from the highland villages (an altitude of 700 – 1,300 meters) of the Rucăr-Bran corridor. The study shows the growth differences related to the life environment, age and gender, but its originality and importance is revealed through the methodological and applied aspect regarding the appreciation of the normality of growth and development as a mass or/and individual phenomenon. ”

Cuvinte cheie: growth, growth rate, growth types, longitudinal study, and percentiles

Annuaire Roumain d'Anthropologie

2015, Tom 52, p. 17-31

Skeletal Abnormalities in the Urban Population of Iaşi (Iaşi County, Romania): Paleopathological Data on the Necropolis Discovered in the Princely Court, 17th Century

Groza, Vasilica-Monica; Bejenaru, Luminiţa; Simalcsik, Angela (Articol)

“This paper presents the prevalence and study of abnormalities in a skeletal series exhumed from the necropolis of the former Princely Court of Iaşi City (Iași County, Romania). The necropolis, discovered in 2008 and dated in the 17th century, consists of 111 human skeletons (adolescents, adults, mature and senile) found in 60 inhumation tombs (individual and collective). The distribution on age and sex categories reveals a high prevalence of adult males. The frequency of abnormalities was estimated both separately on sexes and for the entire osteological series. In the cranial segment, wormian bones have a rate of 27.47%, metopic suture has 7.69%, whereas hypodontia is present in only 2.22% of the cases. As regards the postcranial segment, the lumbarization has the highest incidence (15.38%), followed by sacralization (13.18%) and spina bifida occulta (6.59%). Other abnormalities have sporadic occurrences.”

Groza, Vasilica-Monica; Bejenaru, Luminiţa; Simalcsik, Angela (Articol)

“This paper presents the prevalence and study of abnormalities in a skeletal series exhumed from the necropolis of the former Princely Court of Iaşi City (Iași County, Romania). The necropolis, discovered in 2008 and dated in the 17th century, consists of 111 human skeletons (adolescents, adults, mature and senile) found in 60 inhumation tombs (individual and collective). The distribution on age and sex categories reveals a high prevalence of adult males. The frequency of abnormalities was estimated both separately on sexes and for the entire osteological series. In the cranial segment, wormian bones have a rate of 27.47%, metopic suture has 7.69%, whereas hypodontia is present in only 2.22% of the cases. As regards the postcranial segment, the lumbarization has the highest incidence (15.38%), followed by sacralization (13.18%) and spina bifida occulta (6.59%). Other abnormalities have sporadic occurrences.”

Cuvinte cheie: 17th century, Iaşi City, necropolis, and skeletal abnormalities

Annuaire Roumain d'Anthropologie

2015, Tom 52, p. 3-16