The Macedo-Romanians (Aromanians) and Megleno-Romanians: their political and cultural relations with Romania (from the XIXth to the XXIst century)

Țîrcomnicu, Emil (Articol)

“The Macedo-Romanians (Aromanians) and Megleno-Romanians, dialect-based communities living south of the Danube, have enjoyed the support of the Romanian cultural and political intelligentsia ever since the moment the modern state Romania was founded. The Romanian elites have supported the national awakening of the Macedo-Romanians (Aromanians) and Megleno-Romanians, their Romanian language education, keeping and promoting their cultural patrimony. For the Macedo- and Megleno-Romanian communities, this support entailed building schools and churches, collecting folk literature, publishing anthologies, scientific works, treatises, linguistic atlases, dialect and popular customs dictionaries. The Macedo-Romanians saw Romania as the Motherland; they called it Vlahia, Vlachland or Romanianland. Thanks to the efforts of the Romanian diplomats, when the Balkan nationalities experienced their renaissance, they also benefitted from two Ottoman decrees (in 1878 and 1905, respectively) which acknowledged their right to education in the Romanian language and the right to be represented by people from their communities. Owing to this support, the immaterial patrimony of the Aromanians and Megleno-Romanians, minorities in relation to the Romanian state, has endured and was promoted worldwide.”

Cuvinte cheie: Aromanians, Balkans, cultural patrimony, dialect-based communities, Macedo-Romanians, and schools and churches

Revista de etnografie și folclor / Journal of Ethnography and Folklore

2018, nr. 1-2, p. 26-38